Will You Be "Left Behind?"
by Rev. G. Brent McGuire
The "Left Behind" books say that Christians will disappear suddenly when Christ
returns, leaving the heathen behind. But what does the Bible say?
Planes dropping out of the sky. Chaos on the roads. Newborns vanishing
mid-delivery. Missing corpses.
These are the amazing scenes in the opening pages of Left Behind the first in a
series of apocalyptic novels that have earned for their creator and author -
Timothy LaHaye and Jerry Jenkins - some $20 million in royalties.
What is perhaps more fantastic than the plots of the books themselves is the
fact that millions of Americans actually believe that the scenario described in
Left Behind is Scriptural. The website for the "Left Behind" book series claims
that "Left Behind" has become "the all-time best-selling Christian fiction
As refreshing as the popularity of a religious - even Christian - book may seem,
Christians should, nevertheless, "test everything" (1 Thess. 5:21). The
question, then, is: How much of the "Left Behind" series is truly Biblical? And
how much is simply fiction?
Left Behind tells the story of the millions of people who remain on earth after
the sudden disappearance of all Christians. As the story unfolds, it becomes
clear to most of the principal characters that the mysterious event is explained
by the Bible's prophecy of a "Rapture" - the "snatching up" of all believers by
God prior to a seven-year tribulation period that leads into Christ's Second
The Book of Revelation, in particular, indicates the various events the
characters witness - the Antichrist's rise to power, the rebuilding of the
temple in Jerusalem, the emergence of a one-world currency, and so on.
Who's Left? Who's Taken?
Left Behind takes its title from two passages in the Bible, Luke 17:34 - 35 and
Matt. 24:40 - 41, where Jesus says: "Two men will be in the field; one will be
taken and the other left. Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will
be taken and the other left."
In the opening pages of Left Behind, three of the main characters are on an
airplane, when, suddenly, half of the passengers disappear. (Fortunately for the
remaining passengers, the pilot is a pagan.) Meanwhile, traffic on the roads
comes to a standstill, as Christian drivers simply vanish.
The authors of Left Behind take for granted that the "one taken" is a believer
and the "one left" is an unbeliever. In Matthew 24 and Luke 17, Jesus does not
expressly identify which is which. However, the immediate context of the verses
in Matthew 24 suggests that the "Left Behind" books have it entirely backwards!
In the verses immediately preceding the passage, "One will be taken and the
other left," Jesus draws an analogy to the days of Noah (Matt. 24:38 - 39). In
the example, the ones who are removed from the earth are the men and women who
were destroyed in the Flood - "and they knew nothing about what would happen
until the flood came and took them all away." The ones who are left are Noah and
Immediately following Matt. 24:40 - 41, Jesus draws another analogy, this time
to a householder whose house is invaded by a thief. Again, the illustration
depends on the assumption that having one's belongings "taken" is a bad thing.
Thus, having one's house "left" is a good thing (Matt. 24:43).
The word for "taken" in the original Greek of Matt. 24:40 - 4 1 and Luke 17:34 -
35 can also be used to mean "seized" or "taken prisoner.' For instance, Jesus is
"taken" by the soldiers prior to His crucifixion (Matt. 27:27). Moreover, the
word for "left" is often used in the Bible to mean "to pardon" or "to forgive."
The same verb is used in the Lord's Prayer: "Forgive us our trespasses, as we
forgive those who trespass against us" (Matt. 6:12; Luke 11:4).
Given the immediate context and the different meanings possible for the words
"taken" and "left," a strong case could be made that when Jesus refers to the
"one taken" he speaks of those who will be judged at the Second Corning. Those
who are "left," then, are those who are forgiven and receive eternal life. Thus,
the fundamental premise of Left Behind is based on a questionable interpretation
The other main text on which the premise of the "Left Behind" books is based is
1 Thess. 4: 16 - 17:
For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the
voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ
will rise first. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught
up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will
be with the Lord forever.
The phrase "caught up" is the Biblical basis for the concept of "rapture." One
of the most glaring problems with the "Left Behind" scenario is that the
"Rapture" is presented as a secret - the people who are "Left Behind" have no
idea what has happened. But in both 1 Thessalonians 4 and in Matthew 24,
Christ's return is described as visible: "as lightning that comes from the east
is visible even in the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man" (Mart.
24:27), and audible: "with the voice of the archangel" (1 Thess. 4:16), and
"with a loud trumpet call" (Matt. 24:31).
And Christians will not be the only ones who experience the event. Jesus tells
us in Mart. 24:30, "[Then] all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will
see the Son of Man coining on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory."
The authors of "Left Behind" also ignore the Lord's coming down (1 Thess. 4:16).
Why do they suppose that Christ will change directions once Christians meet Him
in the air? Instead, Jesus compares the event to the five wise maidens who meet
the Bridegroom, and then accompany Him as he continues into the wedding feast
(Matt. 25: 1 - 13). In other words, Jesus continues to descend.
Christians who read Left Behind or who have seen the movie of the same name
should keep in mind that Holy Scripture nowhere suggests that there will be
multiple days of judgment. There will be one final Day of Judgment on which
Christ will return once and for all to judge both the living and the dead (Mart.
13:40 - 43; 25:31 - 32; 2 Peter 3:7). Unbelievers will not be given a "second
The "Left Behind" series is fraught with other misinterpretations of Scriptures.
For instance, the Antichrist is portrayed as a political figure rather than a
spiritual threat. But Paul writes in 2 Thess. 2:3 - 4, "The man of lawlessness
... will oppose and will exalt himself over everything that is called God or is
worshiped, so that he sets himself up in God's temple, proclaiming himself to be
More generally, the "Left Behind" approach to prophecy severely undermines
Jesus' words, "But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of
heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only" (Mart. 24:36). After all, the authors
of "Left Behind" regard certain specific events as necessary for Christ's Second
Coming, such as the rebirth of the nation of Israel, the rebuilding of the
temple in Jerusalem, and a one-world currency. If this were true, the Christians
who lived and died between A.D. 70, when the Romans destroyed Jerusalem, and
1948, when the modern nation of Israel was established, were foolish to think
that Jesus could have returned in their day, since the Jews were without their
own country during that time.
But Christians have always been right to expect their Savior might return soon.
When the disciples ask Jesus to tell them the signs that the end of the world is
near, Jesus answers by pointing to events that have been with us since the
beginning - "wars and rumors of wars," "nation rising against nation,"
"earthquakes in various places," etc. In other words, there has never been a
moment since the beginning of Christianity in which Christians could not
reasonably expect Jesus' imminent return.
Law and Gospel
Although there is some good in books that compel people to think about their
eternal destiny and perhaps even induce some to go to church, there is a danger
in the "Left. Behind" books that goes beyond its misrepresentation of the final
Left Behind actually presents a softer version of God's Law than God would have
us know in His Word. By suggesting that people will be given a second chance,
LaHaye and Jenkins foster a kind of false security. A reader may think to
himself, "I'll just. wait and see if this rapture thing pans out. If so, I'll
know that I have seven years to get my act together." Ironically, LaHaye and
Jenkins offer a sort of Protestant "purgatory" - a temporary purging period for
those who are "Left Behind."
Jesus will indeed return. The prospect of His return as Judge should terrify
unrepentant sinners. However, Christ will also come as Savior to those who
believe in Him (1 Cor. 15:58). The preoccupation of "Left Behind" with final
judgment and the future fulfillment, of prophecy ultimately distracts from
Jesus' chief message of comfort: the forgiveness of sins and eternal life.
Because of the teachings of the Church in the Middle Ages, Martin Luther grew up
imagining Jesus as a "stern Judge sitting on a rainbow." LaHaye and Jenkins
portray Christ in that same way. They transform faith into a work one does in
preparation for the Day of Judgment. And the Christian, troubled in conscience
over past sins, is left to look inward and ask, "Am I doing enough? Am I
believing enough? Will I be 'Left Behind'?"
Jesus invites us, however, to turn outward, to His Word, to Baptism, and to His
Supper, where we find His assurance that "no one can snatch them out of my hand"
(John 10:29). "For God did not send his Son into the world to Condemn the world,
but to save the world through him" (John 3:17).
Reprinted with permission of The Lutheran Witness
, the official
magazine of The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod. Copyright March 2001. All
Reprinted also with permission of the author.